James Paul Gee
Libraries, Gaming, and the New Equity Crisis
[This guy really blew me away. He really makes me want to change the way we are teaching our kids and made me think about things I want to do with my own kids. I felt like he was really calling us to rethink the way we do learning in libraries. I want to try to find ways to use gaming strategies in my Information Literacy sessions. You can find a list of his books on Amazon.]
Literacy gap â€“ no longer a sufficient condition, it is a must.
Applications gap â€“ kids being unable to apply the knowledge they have
Tech savvy gap â€“ you are not afraid of technical stuff, including equations, and you can use technology productively to solve stuff. If you are not tech savvy on any level you will be unable to be successful in a developed country
Innovation gap â€“ every job that is beyond the basic is outsourced so only innovative people will survive in our society
What predicts success for 1st grade?
Early literacy at home
What about 4th grade?
The language of schooling is not the same as regular English.
[that is interesting]
Kids still learn complicated languages in games. The examples are Yu Gi-O cards, but these kids still struggle with academic language in school. Capitalist learned that complicated language is hard only in school. Companies have been forced to discover learning principles and then applying them to games. We have, in our games, better learning principles then we have in schools.
Learning Principles from Games:
Ask yourself these questions while I tell you the principles:
a) do you think it is good?
b) should we put it in school?
1 â€“ Lower the consequences of failure
The cost is not so large that you fail right away. You can always start over and learn something new by doing it a different way.
IDEO â€“ Fail early, Fail often.
2 – Performance before competence
You have to play a game [and be bad at it] to learn how to be competent at the game. In school, you would get a textbook to read. You learn by performance. Most things in life are this way.
3- Players high on the agency tree.
Your choices and decisions in a game really matter. Choices can make the game play different from everyone around you. When your choices matter, your commitment to the game is higher.
4 – Problems are well ordered.
Immerse people in rich environments, but they have to be given directions. Order the problems so that the problems they solve at the beginning will teach them things they will need to solve more complex problems later.
5 – Cycles of challenge, consolidations, and new challenge. (expertise)
This cycle has to be present for people to be experts in anything. They have to be given a problem that they can master and eventually have automatic mastery. Then, you give them a problem where that knowledge no longer works and they have to solve a new problem. In a game, this is called the Boss.
6- Stay within, but at the outer edge, of the playerâ€™s â€œregime of competence.â€
Pleasantly frustrating. Games keep cycling you into the circle of flow where you are always challenged, but that you can still achieve success.
7 – Encourage players to think about systems and relationships, not just isolated facts.
Games force you to keep in mind a huge set of variables, like Civ, where everything you do affects everyone else in the world. We can not make decisions in isolation. We do not teach our leaders to do this well.
8 – Empathy for a complex system.
A game is a simulation where you are in it. This gives you empathy for the system.
9 – Give verbal information â€œjust in timeâ€- when players need and can use it â€“ or â€œdemandâ€ when the players ask for it.
[You never read the manual unless you need something right then.]
10 – Situate (â€œshowâ€) the meanings of words and symbols and show how they carry across different actions, images, and dialogues.
Donâ€™t just offer words for words. Education does not do this, it is just words in a textbook. A good theory of literacy – you shouldnâ€™t read manuals. The only thing hard about academic language is that there are no pictures, motions, and actions to which kids can relate the information being thrown at them.
11- Modding attitude
Games come with the software that allows kids to modify and change their games to create something new.
We have to change the way we do assessment. Games give assessment all the time. Charts in Civ that track your progress against your opponents. It makes McGraw Hill look sick. The graphs in Civ are clearly for them.